Kongo Chief's Hat (mpu)
(possibly Vili or Yombe peoples) 
DR Congo or Angola
19th century
Pineapple or raffia fiber, knotting and looping
H 7"  D 5 1/2"  (17.5 x 14 cm)

Extremely fine workmanship characterizes this rare chief's or nobleman's cap. This elegant and minimalist style of headdress, documented among Kongo peoples since the 16th century, is emblematic of chiefly and ritual power.

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Kongo Chief's Hat